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May 3, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(18):1165. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480180043010

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The head of the health department of the city of Cleveland, Dr. Martin Friedrichs, recently gave a graphic and complete account of the method used by him in combating an epidemic of smallpox in that city last year. This was contributed to a popular monthly, as well as to medical journals, and has excited attention both on account of the novelty of some of the measures and their success. As is usually the case with medical matters described and discussed in non-medical publications, the newspapers have taken this up and drawn their own, sometimes erroneous, deductions therefrom. The disinfection and cleansing methods which were so effective in freeing infected localities from the active contagion have even been utilized by the anti-vaccinationists as an argument that smallpox is exclusively a filth disease and that compulsory vaccination was therefore not essential in combating the disorder. This seems to be the view taken

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