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May 17, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(20):1307-1308. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480200021005

Localization of the intellectual functions in a definite part of the brain is a conception which though not entirely originated by Gall, the physiologist, was at least popularized and made definite through his writings. Previously, the seat of the mind or soul had been often placed in the heart, diaphragm or pineal gland. The general rejection of phrenology carried with it most of the belief in definite localization of the mental faculties. Modern psychologists generally follow Ferrier in thinking it "absurd to speak of a special seat of intellect or intelligence in the brain," and Munk who asserted that "intelligence has its seat everywhere in the cerebrum and nowhere in particular." Interest in the question has declined, especially since researches by physiologists have accomplished little except to throw them into dispute on the subject. Wundt, perhaps the foremost of physiologic psychologists, acknowledges,1 however, the suggestiveness of certain anatomic findings