It has been contended that the hot bath acts especially as a counter-irritant or derivative measure, exerting almost specific influence in the presence of capillary bronchitis, and being comparable to a mustard-plaster applied to the entire body. To determine the part played by the irritation of the skin and also the effect upon the gaseous interchange Dr. H. Winternitz1 undertook at the Medical Clinic of the University of Halle a series of comparative observations, as a result of which he found that under the influence of sand-baths there occurs such a marked increase in the consumption of oxygen and in the production of carbon dioxid as to exceed considerably that attending even highly febrile processes. At the same time, as compared with hot baths, the increase in bodily temperature is moderate and the change in the general condition slight. Saline baths cause inconsiderable increase in oxidation processes, while baths
THE INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS BATHS UPON GASEOUS INTERCHANGE. JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(24):1581. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480240031009
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