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October 29, 1898


JAMA. 1898;XXXI(18):1059-1060. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.02450180053006

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The question that has been troubling the French sociologists for the past few years—the low and decreasing birth-rate in their country—is now also becoming a living one with our neighbors over our northern borders; and it would appear with even greater show of reason. If a birth-rate of only 22 to the 1000 should give concern to the French statesmen and physicians, the still lower one of only 20.7 in the Province of Ontario ought, it would seem, to excite still livelier apprehensions for the future of a country that is thus failing in the very source of power, the production of an active and aggressive population. The problem is made the more serious by the reverse condition existing in the adjoining Province of Quebec, where a very high birth-rate has long existed in what some would claim is in many respects an alien and inferior race. The result is

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