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November 5, 1898


JAMA. 1898;XXXI(19):1099-1101. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.92450190023002g

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At the Pan-American Congress in 1893, I presented a paper on "The Normal Precordia in Infancy and Childhood," and this paper was afterward published in the Archives of Pediatrics. Subsequent observation has not changed the views expressed at that time, nor have I anything to add to them. I shall, therefore, merely give you the briefest possible résumé of the original paper, my present purpose being to mark out the precordia in a few children of different ages, and invite criticism of the results obtained.

I have ventured to bring up this subject again because, in the first place, I regard the question of the normal precordial area as of the greatest practical interest and importance; and if my observations have been correct, it seems to me desirable that the facts should be universally accepted. In the percussion of the heart we are dealing with a measurably constant and unvarying

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