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Article
November 5, 1898

MALARIAL AFFECTIONS OF THE EYE.

JAMA. 1898;XXXI(19):1118-1119. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.02450190044007

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Abstract

It seems strange when one considers the vast amount of space given to rare ophthalmoscopic affections in the various text-books on the eye that but little or no room is allotted to the effects of the plasmodium malariæ on this most important structure. Possibly this is on account of a natural hesitancy to report or describe, as malarial, eye affections in which no blood examination has been made; possibly it is because the observers have not looked upon the malaria as the exciting cause. Among the external eye diseases depending upon the malarial parasite, probably a serpiginous ulcer of the cornea is the most common. Phlyctenular keratitis also occurs, and occasionally a herpetic eruption involving the upper lid and supra-orbital region; indeed the two latter conditions may co-exist. These affections have all occurred in the experience of the writer and, in all of them, an examination of the fresh blood

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