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If the proverb, "Happy is the nation that has no history," be true for other organisms in general, then the pineal body ought to be regarded as a most fortunate organ. That it has had a history and a most curious one, we have abundant proof, but that was long ago, in the Age of Reptiles, to which the memory of man runneth back or reverteth only under the influence of strong drink, and for the last quarter of a million years, at least, it has absolutely ceased to have a physiology or even a pathology. It lies among the brain tissues as inert and almost as irresponsive to the forces about it as a fossil in the chalk beds. That it can continue to so exist generation after generation is proof either of services of extraordinary value rendered in the past, or some as yet unsuspected function in the
THE PATHOLOGY OF THE PINEAL GLAND. JAMA. 1898;XXXI(27):1576–1577. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.02450270028005
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