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In 1561 that bold surgeon, Pierre Franco, performed the first suprapubic cystotomy for the extraction of a vesical calculus. It is said that he performed it only as the last extremity and that his patient died. The first operation of this character performed in this country was by Gibson, with like results; his patient, Agnew says, died of peritonitis. Prior to Gibson's feat the "high operation," as it is frequently called, was attempted with more or less success by several eminent English surgeons. Though it did not fulfill the expectations of a great many at that time, yet it even then gained a certain amount of popularity. This prominence, however, was of short duration, the operation very soon being set aside and generally considered as one to be performed only in certain rare conditions where none other could be done. It met its early fate at that period because of
PARROTT JM. SUPRAPUBIC CYSTOTOMY vs. PERINEAL SECTION. JAMA. 1899;XXXII(7):356–359. doi:10.1001/jama.1899.92450340023002j
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