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January 6, 1900


JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(1):48-49. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.02460010056008

A socialist writer recently, in describing New Zealand institutions, which are in some respects advanced experiments of the application of socialistic theories, expressed the opinion that while it still has its evils and defects, that archipelago, if not yet the model, is a very fortunate community. In one respect statistics appear to bear out this opinion; it has apparently a lower death-rate than any other population of equal size. The total death-rate in 1895 was 9.90 per 1000, and in 1896, 9.10, as against 18.7 in England and Wales, 22.3 in France, and 22.2 in the German empire in 1895. If the statistics are correct, New Zealand is, as Dr. Drysdale says, probably the healthiest country in the world. Its mortality from tuberculosis was in 1896 only 7.4 to the 10,000 inhabitants. Against this low death-rate we have, however, a correspondingly low birth-rate, only 26.33 per 1000, which is down

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