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May 26, 1900


JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(21):1299-1303. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.24610210005001a

Since Chicago has achieved the distinction of being a great city, scarlet fever, in forms more or less severe, has been present. During the summer and autumn of 1897, Dr. I. N. Abt found it prevalent in a light form among the poorer classes of Poles and Bohemians in certain parts of the city. The cases were so light that physicians were seldom called, and no intelligent action was taken to restrict contagion. An epidemic resulted. The health department, while realizing the danger, was crowded by more serious matters, and the afflicted communities enjoyed the blessing of becoming immunized while the disease was in its mildest form. From these localities the fever has gradually spread until it has included the entire city.

In the autumn of 1898, when the reported cases of scarlet fever were greatly increased, Dr. Wynkoop of the city laboratory, while examining a culture from a scarlet