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June 9, 1900


JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(23):1496. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.02460230052013

Under the heading, "the Westphal-Piltz Pupilary Reflex," a contemporary1 notices a phenomenon first described by Galassi and later independently discovered by Gifford, of Omaha. Galassi's observation was published only in society proceedings, so that it was easily overlooked, but Gifford's paper was published in a well-known special journal that ought to have been familiar to Westphal as well as to the distinguished ophthalmologist who edits our contemporary. In the latest issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology, where his original paper appeared, Gifford takes up the subject anew, doing full justice to Galassi's priority. He, however, himself noticed a little more than the Italian observer, and if we are to have a discoverer's name attached to the phenomenon it should be the Galassi, or the Galassi-Gifford, instead of the Westphal-Piltz reflex, for which term there is no warrant whatever except that it has the "made in Germany" stamp. We have