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May 31, 1965

The First American Medical School Was in Mexico

JAMA. 1965;192(9):786. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03080220050023

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To the Editor:—  The points have been fairly well clarified in a book of mine which summarizes the medical historical events in Latin America during the colonial period, Historiografía de la Medicina Colonial Hispano Americana, Mexico, 1953.The University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru, was founded by Philip II on May 12, 1551. It was thought until quite recently that the University of Mexico had been founded by the same king in September of the same year, 1551. However, M. Careño, in his book La Real y Pontificia Universidad de Mexico, 1536-1865, Mexico, 1961, proves that Philip II issued a proclamation on April 30, 1547, establishing the University of Mexico.On medical teaching there is also a Mexican priority. The university began medical examinations in 1553, and the Chair of Medicine was formally established on Jan 7, 1579. The Chair of Medicine in the University of San Marcos, Lima,

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