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July 19, 1965

Gastric Dilatation From Resuscitation Procedure

Author Affiliations

Wilmington, Del

JAMA. 1965;193(3):247-248. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090030069030

To the Editor:—  In 1957 the Council on Medical Physics of the American Medical Association in a "Symposium on Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation (Expired Air Inflation)"1 recommended for emergency resuscitation of infants and small children mouth to mouth resuscitation, following a preliminary maneuver to clear the airway. It was further recommended that "... all possible media of public information be utilized to disseminate information concerning the use of this method for infants and small children...." Since 1958, hundreds of articles have reported successful use of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, without report of unfavorable complications.A 17-month-old child appeared to stop breathing immediately after the administration of some oral medication. Holding the child upside down and hitting it across the shoulder blades did not start it breathing again. The child was then placed on a soft sofa in a supine position. An adult took in an inspiration as deeply as possible and then breathed