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August 30, 1965


JAMA. 1965;193(9):25-38. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090090067045

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Continued from page 25 problems in development and maintenance of the artificial heart which still need to be overcome.

More than 20 different prototypes of an artificial implantable heart have been designed and tested in animals in the past seven years. None, except some of the partial assistance devices, have worked for more than a few hours.

The need for an artificial heart arises from the obvious inequality in the rate of deterioration of body systems. Were it not for the fact that each year thousands of otherwise healthy persons die as a result of heart disease, there would be little medical justification for development of such a device.

The ethical justification for its development was set forth by the First of Two Parts late Dr. Peter F. Salisbury, MD, at the time the first serious efforts were made to build the artificial heart.

On April 15, 1957, at the

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