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October 4, 1965

The Process of Medical Advance— In Retrospect and Prospect

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Physiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, and the AMA-ERF Institute for Biomedical Research, Chicago.

JAMA. 1965;194(1):38-44. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090140046013

Medical advance may, of course, be looked upon from many points of view, but on this occasion of the dedication and inauguration of the new Institute for Biomedical Research of the Education and Research Foundation of the American Medical Association, it would seem appropriate to examine this subject from the point of view of the role of scientific knowledge itself in the advance of medicine, rather than to consider the role of social and other factors affecting the availability of the fruits of that knowledge to humanity. Moreover, practical medicine will be assumed to be the artful application of medical science and no great attention will be paid to advances in such artfulness in practice, partly because ethical physicians, from the days of Hippocrates, have always applied existing contemporary medical science at any given time with skill and devotion, and second, because what changes in the so-called art of medicine