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October 25, 1965

The Control of Fertility

JAMA. 1965;194(4):462-470. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090170140032

In 1964 the Board of Trustees of the American Medical Association appointed a Committee on Human Reproduction with the charge that it "review the earlier statements of the AMA on contraceptive practices and prepare, for review by the Board, statements on this and other aspects of human reproduction." The last established policy statement relative to contraceptive practices had been made by the Association in 1938.

The Committee made recommendations to the Board which were subsequently approved by the House of Delegates as the policy of the AMA in the matter of population control as follows:

  1. An intelligent recognition of the problems that relate to human reproduction, including the need for population control, is more than a matter of responsible parenthood; it is a matter of responsible medical practice.

  2. The medical profession should accept a major responsibility in matters related to human reproduction as they affect the total population