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December 13, 1965

The Doctor and the Soul: From Psychotherapy to Logotherapy

JAMA. 1965;194(11):1261. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090240095046

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Even before Dr. Frankl's appalling experience in the concentration camps at Auschwitz and Dachau, he was searching for a psychotherapy which would go beyond that of Freud or Adler. His wartime experiences evidently helped him to formulate his ideas and methods. In 1946 he published two books in German, both of which describe his philosophy and methods. The first is a short, somewhat autobiographical account which was translated into English as From Death-Camp to Existentialism. The other, somewhat longer with more explanation of his ideas and more clinical examples, was first translated into English in 1955 as The Doctor and the Soul. The present volume represents a revision of this, with a new chapter on therapy which includes many brief case histories.

Frankl states that he is concerned with a "psychotherapy in spiritual terms." Believing that the distress of many patients is due not so much to neurosis as to

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