The last decade of progress in the "state-ofthe-art" of the physical sciences has been no less than astronomical. The medical community is now well into its first real "industrial revolution," imbibing large quantities of electronics, instrumentation, and engineering.11-3 The independent observer and the smoke-drum kymograph are now being replaced by a "team" equipped with an array of complex devices, recapitulating the age-old contest between man and machine. The biologist, physiologist, and physician now must add to their already burdened acumen a certain shrewdness in the differential diagnosis of intricate apparatus.4 Proper care and feeding of instruments consumes a significant part of the investigator's time. If he cannot, by a series of logical maneuvers, make the machine perform as required, the entire application suffers. At some time in life, the physician, physiologist, and engineer often must get together over a problem or a machine to make a go of
Ray CD. A Course in Fundamental Medical Electronics. JAMA. 1966;196(6):488–490. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03100190072021
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.