Two hundred years ago, on the second Tuesday of January, 1767, a group of dedicated men met together to found what is probably the first county medical association in the United States continuously in existence up to the present time, the Litchfield County Medical Association.1 These men, who were all doctors although many of them were busy in other occupations at the same time, were breaking new ground; they had come to realize that the medical practice of their time could no longer continue as it had before, with no standards, no self-education, no local organization with authority to regulate ethical behavior or determine who had the qualifications to give anyone the right to call himself a physician. In their time, any person who wished to do so could hang out his shingle and practice his version of the healing art, treating his neighbors for every sort of illness
Wallach GM. Bicentennial of Litchfield County Medical Association. JAMA. 1966;196(8):724–726. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03100210094025
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