Fredrick Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Graefe, the son of an important German surgeon, Carl Ferdinand von Graefe, was born into a family of social standing and affluence. Endowed with a fine intellect, he benefited handsomely from private tutoring at home, supplemented by preparatory education at the French gymnasium in Berlin.1 The study of logic and philosophy preceded medical instruction at the University of Berlin, which claimed a remarkable faculty including Johannes Müller, Virchow, von Brücke, du Bois Reymond, Remak, and Schlemm in the basic sciences, and Traube, Dieffenbach, Romberg, and Schönlein in the clinical sciences. Graefe received the doctor's degree in 1847 upon presentation of a thesis based upon original experiments, De bromo ejusque praecipuis praeparatis. Postgraduate experience was gained with von Jaksch and Arlt in Prague, with Ricord, Trousseau, and Claude Bernard in Paris, with Rokitansky, von Brücke, Oppolzer, and Hebra in Vienna, and with Bowman and Critchett
ALBRECHT von GRAEFE (1828-1870). JAMA. 1966;197(4):292–293. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03110040102025
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