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August 15, 1966

Sociological Aspects of Homosexuality: A Comparative Study of Three Types of Homosexuals

Author Affiliations

Beverly Hills, Calif

JAMA. 1966;197(7):594. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03110070118041

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The author postulates that psychiatrists, penal administrators, and sociologists hold different views of homosexuality because they meet with different types of homosexuals. To test his assumption, he studied three groups: (1) homosexuals under psychiatric care, (2) those neither under treatment nor in prison, and (3) those convicted of homosexual offenses with adults. Of the 300 men studied each was interviewed and asked to complete a verbal reasoning test and a personality inventory.

In this book, Mr. Schofield presents his results, integrates them with the findings of other researchers, and proposes a theoretical formulation of his views on homosexuality. He feels that the three homosexual groups present greater dissimilarity to each other than they do to the corresponding nonhomosexual groups. He believes that homosexual patients or convicts have more in common with non-homosexual patients or convicts, respectively, than with other inverts. Homosexuals who have avoided conflict with the law and have