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Article
February 13, 1967

AUGUST KROGH (1874-1949) THE PHYSIOLOGIST'S PHYSIOLOGIST

JAMA. 1967;199(7):496-497. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120070108022
Abstract

Schack August Steenberg Krogh, born in Grenaa, Jutland, Denmark, achieved preeminence among contemporary medical scientists for his investigations of animal and human physiology. In his youth he manifested interest in the natural sciences and, upon entering the University of Copenhagen, began the study of medicine; however, he shifted to zoology and graduated in this subject in 1899.1 For almost a decade in the department of physiology in the Copenhagen Medical School, he assisted Christian Bohr, whose interest in respiration and blood gas physiology left a lifelong impression on the pupil. No suitable academic post was vacant in the University; therefore, an associate professorship in zoophysiology was created for Krogh in 1908. Eight years later he advanced as professor to the university chair in the same subject, a post held until retirement in 1945. International recognition of Krogh's accomplishments led, in 1920, to the award of the Nobel Prize for

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