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February 13, 1967

Mechanical Devices to Assist the Failing Heart

JAMA. 1967;199(7):509. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120070121036

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This is a very timely monograph written by the top investigators in this field. In the welter of publicity that has surrounded initial trials of assisted circulation, the actual status and objectives of investigators in this field may be obscured. This monograph provides sufficient information and background on assisted circulation for both researchers and practicing physicians interested in the "artificial heart." Although this meeting was held two years ago, the development of research is so rapid that the contents of this book could not be kept up to date.

The monograph consists of three parts. In part 1, the basic physiology of circulation, prolonged oxygenation, and hemodynamics are described. Part 2 reviews the currently available types of pumps and presents both the physiological and biological aspects of prolonged pumping, with special emphasis on non-pulsatile and pulsatile flow. Part 3 describes various methods for assisting the failing heart.

Almost the entire