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April 27, 1963

Role Perceptions in Freshman and Senior Medical Students

JAMA. 1963;184(4):287-289. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.73700170012010d

IN THE LAST FEW DECADES, medicine has seen a proliferation of roles and continuing division of labor leading to ever increasing specialization. It has been suggested that the Industrial Revolution has reached medicine and that there will be a greater and greater partialization of the work of physicians and the related medical personnel in future years. The professional activities of the physician can be looked at from a number of different vantage points. He can devote his time to general practice or to a specialty; he may become a researcher, a public health physician, a hospital administrator, or a medical school teacher. He can also be identified by his concentration in one area of medicine, whether he practices it, teaches it, or experiments in it. In this context he is labeled in 1 of 18 categories, for example, as an anesthesiologist, an obstetrician, etc. In addition, there are other dimensions