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June 22, 1963


JAMA. 1963;184(12):25-44. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700250005002

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Dr. Bernard Segal (left) prepares patient (right) for auscultation demonstration at Hahnemann Symposium. Dr. G. J. Nichols assists in the preparation.

TOO many physicians find it easier to misuse the stethoscope than to constructively re-educate themselves in the vast details that would qualify them for its proper application," according to Dr. William Likoff of Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia, at the opening session of the institution's 9th Symposium April 15 which was devoted entirely to the theory and practice of auscultation.

"One would expect universal mastery of this simple and uncomplicated instrument since the student of medicine is introduced to it before his preclinical training is completed, and persists with its use throughout the years of his medical practice.

"Unfortunately, this is not the case. There is every reason to believe that many physicians are not prepared for the task of accepting and interpreting the precise heart sounds

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