Sanctorius, physician, philosopher, meteorologist, and quantitative physiologist, was born in 1561 in the village of Capodistria, capital of Istria, an island in the Adriatic Sea a few miles below Trieste. His birthplace was a modest house on the street now named Via Santorio. His father was a Bombardier and Chief Steward of Munitions; his mother came of a noble Capodistrian family. Sanctorius was solidly schooled in languages and philosophy and, at the age of 14, enrolled in the University of Padua, recognized for its high scholastic achievements in science and the humanities. Galileo, Vesalius, Fallopius, Morgagni, Harvey, and Fabricius were examples of the mental superiority of Paduan teachers and students. The Venetian Republic, under which Padua operated and in keeping with its reputation and fame, had granted it unusual liberties and privileges. Of the several faculties of the city's distinguished university, medicine enjoyed the highest rank and renown. After seven
SANTORIO SANTORIO— CALLED SANCTORIUS. JAMA. 1963;184(12):968–969. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700250104020
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