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December 21, 1912

A Second Study of Extreme Alcoholism in Adults

JAMA. 1912;LIX(25):2281. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270140085043

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As social questions are to be solved not by opinion but by statistical facts, the data collected by Dr. R. Welsh Branthwaite, inspector under the British inebriates acts, marked an advance in the study of inebriety. A detailed account was given of 166 men and 865 women inebriates. Heron's memoir is based on a consideration of these women inebriates in view of their larger number and because the problems of extreme alcoholism concern women to a greater extent than men inebriates. Figures showing the relative intensity of drunkenness in men and women prove that

...men, at most, differ as Heaven and Earth, But women, worst and best, as Heaven and Hell.

After an exposition of the material, Heron compares the various characteristics of inebriates as a whole, as modified by different intensities of alcoholism, and as contrasted with mental defects in the general population. lie has taken pains to avoid

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