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In the male and female of all the higher animals, in connection with the sexual system, are found two sets of homologous glandular organs, much of the importance of whose office seems hitherto to have been overlooked. These are Bartholin's glands in the female and Cowper's glands in the male.
The fact that Bartholin's glands supply a mucus for the lubrication of the entrance to the vagina during sexual excitement, and that Cowper's glands secrete a mucous fluid which acts in part as a vehicle for the seminal discharge has long been noted. But each has a supplementary office in connection with the discharge of the urine,to which, so far as I know, reference has never been made, though one of distinct importance.
Every one who has suffered with irritability of the neck of the bladder or the bulb of the urethra is aware that immediately after voiding the urine
SMITH DT. AN OVERLOOKED FUNCTION OF BARTHOLIN'S AND COWPER'S GLANDS. JAMA. 1912;LIX(26):2303. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270130009003
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