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When the diagnosis of embolism of the central artery of the retina was made by V. Graefe in 1859, and so satisfactorily confirmed by Schweigge a year or two later by microscopic sections of the same eye, it seemed to have settled a hitherto obscure point. The pathological alterations coincided so exactly with the supposed cause of the sudden blindness, that no conditions were wanting to completely explain the case. The brilliancy of this case has not been dimmed by the passing years, for but few have been reported which have such clear cut points. In fact, subsequent investigations have shown that other pathological conditions may produce very similar subjective and objective symptoms, and it becomes a question of great interest to determine whether we are dealing with a case of embolism of the central artery or of thrombosis of the veins.
In 1874, the late Dr. Ed. G. Loring,
AYRES SC. EMBOLISM OF THE CENTRAL ARTERY, A THROMBOSIS? WITH REPORT OF A CASE. Read in the Section of Ophthalmology at the Forty-third Annual meeting of the American Medical Association, held at Detroit, Mich., June, 1892. JAMA. 1892;XIX(12):335–336. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02420120009001b
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