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The approach of cholera again to our shores, will awaken a new interest in the character, management and efficiency of our quarantine defences against foreign pestilences. The crucial test which is now applied to our present system of State quarantines, and the evidences of their total inadequacy to meet a great emergency, will doubtless renew with great vigor the popular agitation in favor of a National quarantine organization. As a contribution to the discussion of that subject the following facts in regard to the efforts made in the first sessions of Congress may prove of interest, if not of permanent value.
On the organization of the Federal Government, in 1789, several of the sea-board States had quarantine laws and regulations of more or less efficiency. In most of these States the laws were originally adopted by the colonial governments, and in some they had been in effect for nearly a
SMITH S. EARLY NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON THE SUBJECT OF QUARANTINE. JAMA. 1892;XIX(13):378–380. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02420130022001g
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