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There are but few reported cases of uncomplicated wounds of the ureters, though one or both of these ducts have not unfrequently been injured in abdominal operations on the ovaries, uterus, or vagina, Gusserow and other authorities stating that this accident has happened to most surgeons that have frequently performed vaginal hysterectomy; and traumatism during parturition has been the most frequent cause of uretero-vaginal or uretero-uterine fistula.
Dr. F. Kammerer published in the New York Medical Journal for July 2, a contribution to the treatment of ureteral fistula, in which he reported two cases of uretero-abdominal fistula caused by difficult abdominal operations, in each of which he subsequently successfully performed nephrectomy. The latter operation, first performed by Simon for the cure of ureteral fistula, has been performed about an equal number of times for the cure of uretero-abdominal and uretero-vaginal or uretero-uterine fistula. Of the thirteen recorded cases of nephrectomy
THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF URETERAL WOUNDS. JAMA. 1892;XIX(22):647–648. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02420220025011
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