In this Viewpoint, David Naylor reviews factors driving the adoption of deep learning and artificial intelligence in health care, including the digitization of health data and efficiencies in processing those data sets to automate routine clinical tasks and accelerate research and technology development.
In this Viewpoint, Geoffrey Hinton of Google’s Brain Team discusses the basics of neural networks: their underlying data structures, how they can be trained and combined to process complex health data sets, and future prospects for harnessing their unsupervised learning to clinical challenges.
This Viewpoint discusses how advances in data science and informatics are driving a transformation of biomedical research and clinical practice toward models where data mining and artificial intelligence will underlie development of precision therapies.
In this narrative medicine essay, an intensivist tells how he and his colleagues joined in a moment of silence to honor the ICU death of a man under their care with a do-not-resuscitate order.
This survey study investigates risk factors for symptoms of burnout and career choice regret among US physicians during their second year of residency.
This systematic review assesses how burnout among practicing physicians has been defined in the published medical literature and estimates its prevalence by definitions, assessment methods, and study quality.
This diagnostic accuracy study characterizes the ability of [18F]flortaucipir to discriminate Alzheimer from non-Alzheimer neurodegenerative disorders among patients at dementia clinics and research centers.
This 2018 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians offer or refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions (B recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions to prevent obesity-related morbidity and mortality summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral and pharmacotherapy weight loss and weight loss maintenance interventions in adults.
This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods explains the basic concepts underlying convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a type of machine learning being used to automate the reading of medical images.
This study uses American Board of Surgery data to assess the association between maintainence of certification in general surgery and loss-of-license actions after expiration of the initial 10-year certification among general surgeons.
This study compares Veterans Administration (VA) scholarship support for veterans enrolling in degree-granting medical schools vs law or business programs at the same institutions.
This Medical News article profiles Joshua D. Safer, MD, who leads Mount Sinai’s Center for Transgender Medicine and Surgery.
This Medical News article discusses early clinical trials of beneficial bacteria therapy for eczema, or atopic dermatitis.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on behavioral interventions for weight loss to prevent obesity-related problems in adults.