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February 20, 2018, Vol 319, No. 7, Pages 633-732

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(7):633-635. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12240
Viewpoint

Does Medicine Overemphasize IQ?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):651-652. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20141

In this Viewpoint, Ezekiel Emanuel argues that emotional intelligence (EQ) is as important as IQ for the effective practice of medicine and calls for medical schools to evaluate the EQ of applicants and provide opportunities to enhance EQ among medical students.

Principles for a Framework for Alternative Payment Models

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):653-654. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20226

This Viewpoint describes the Health Care Payment Learning and Action Network’s alternative payment model classification system and its framework principles.

Accountable Care at the Frontlines of a Health SystemBridging Aspiration and Reality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):655-656. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18995

This Viewpoint discusses tensions between the goals and realities of accountable care organizations and suggests ways for health system leaders to address these issues and improve health care quality and reduce costs.

A Piece of My Mind

A Teaching Case

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):657-658. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0071

In this essay, a palliative care physician reviews the case of a dying man who was admitted during her two-week tour as an attending physician for internal medicine as a good teaching case for residents to learn how to treat patients in the last moments of their lives.

Editorial

Preventing Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):659-660. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0159

Disentangling Health Care BillingFor Patients’ Physical and Financial Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):661-663. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19966

Time to Rethink the Approach to Treating Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):664-666. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21900
Original Investigation

Effect of Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet on 12-Month Weight Loss in Overweight Adults and the Association With Genotype Pattern or Insulin SecretionThe DIETFITS Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):667-679. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0245

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of a healthy low-fat vs a healthy low-carbohydrate diet on 12-month weight change among adults aged 18 to 50 years with a body mass index of 28 to 40 without diabetes, and investigates modification of the diet effect by genotype pattern or insulin secretion.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Haloperidol on Survival Among Critically Ill Adults With a High Risk of DeliriumThe REDUCE Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):680-690. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0160

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of prophylactic haloperidol on 28-day survival in patients in the intensive care unit at high risk of developing delirium.

Administrative Costs Associated With Physician Billing and Insurance-Related Activities at an Academic Health Care System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):691-697. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19148

This study estimates the administrative costs associated with physician billing activities in a large academic health care system with a certified electronic health record system.

Review

Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeAdvances in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):698-710. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21907

This review summarizes advances in the diagnosis and treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome between 2012 and 2017.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of ARDS in Adults

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JAMA. 2018;319(7):711-712. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0307

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2017 American Thoracic Society/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine guideline on management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Ulcerated Nodule of the Fingernail

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):713-714. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0179

A woman receiving immunosuppressant therapy after a prior kidney transplant presented with a tender ulcerated nodule on her fingernail with nail loss, purulent drainage, and histopathology showing a pyogenic granuloma–like response with atypical epithelioid and spindled cells adjacent to blood vessels. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Prevalence of Housing Problems Among Community Health Center Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):717-719. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19869

This study uses national survey data to assess the prevalence and health-related correlates of housing problems among community health center patients.

Comment & Response

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):719. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20935

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):719-720. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20948

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):720. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20923

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):720-721. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20931

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):721. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20927

Organ Dysfunction After Surgery in Patients Treated With Individualized or Standard Blood Pressure Management—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(7):721-722. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20956

Authorship Credit for Large Clinical Trials

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JAMA. 2018;319(7):722-723. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20939

Authorship Credit for Large Clinical Trials—Reply

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JAMA. 2018;319(7):723-724. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20943
Correction

Incorrect Data in Tables

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):724. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0314

Omitted Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):724. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0613

Error in Figure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):724. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0632
Medical News & Perspectives

ASO Therapy: Hope for Genetic Neurological Diseases

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):644-646. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18665

This medical news interview discusses recent advances in antisense oligonucleotide therapies.

The JAMA Forum

The Problem With Work Requirements for Medicaid

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):646-647. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0420
Global Health

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Goes Global

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0365

High Rates of Violent Death Among Rohingya Refugees

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0964

Air Pollutants Undermine Infant Brain Development

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0966
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Notable Year for Novel Drugs

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0477

Diabetic Foot Ulcers Heal With Shock Wave Therapy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0480

Crackdown on Stem Cell Product

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0486
The Arts and Medicine

Apprehending Otherness Through WonderA Facial Plastic Surgeon’s Review of the Book and Movie

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):640-642. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22109

In this Arts and Medicine essay, a facial plastic and reconstructive surgeon who works with children with craniofacial differences reality checks R. J. Palacio’s story Wonder about a boy with Treacher Collins syndrome starting his first year of school among peers.

Poetry and Medicine

Not Wanting

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):725. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13827
JAMA Revisited

Medical Research and the Golden RuleMichael E. De Bakey, MD

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):726. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12248
JAMA Patient Page

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):732. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0483

This JAMA Patient Page describes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its risk factors, treatment, and long-term effects.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(7):637-638. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12241
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