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September 18, 2018, Vol 320, No. 11, Pages 1083-1210

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1083-1085. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12548
Viewpoint

On the Prospects for a (Deep) Learning Health Care System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1099-1100. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11103

In this Viewpoint, David Naylor reviews factors driving the adoption of deep learning and artificial intelligence in health care, including the digitization of health data and efficiencies in processing those data sets to automate routine clinical tasks and accelerate research and technology development.

Deep Learning—A Technology With the Potential to Transform Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1101-1102. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11100

In this Viewpoint, Geoffrey Hinton of Google’s Brain Team discusses the basics of neural networks: their underlying data structures, how they can be trained and combined to process complex health data sets, and future prospects for harnessing their unsupervised learning to clinical challenges.

Informatics, Data Science, and Artificial Intelligence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1103-1104. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8211

This Viewpoint discusses how advances in data science and informatics are driving a transformation of biomedical research and clinical practice toward models where data mining and artificial intelligence will underlie development of precision therapies.

A Piece of My Mind

Silent Space

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1105-1106. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12753

In this narrative medicine essay, an intensivist tells how he and his colleagues joined in a moment of silence to honor the ICU death of a man under their care with a do-not-resuscitate order.

Editorial

Clinical Implications and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1107-1108. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11029

Physician Burnout—A Serious Symptom, But of What?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1109-1110. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11703

Weight Management in Adults With ObesityWhat Is a Primary Care Clinician to Do?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1111-1113. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11031
Original Investigation

Association of Clinical Specialty With Symptoms of Burnout and Career Choice Regret Among US Resident Physicians

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1114-1130. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12615

This survey study investigates risk factors for symptoms of burnout and career choice regret among US physicians during their second year of residency.

Prevalence of Burnout Among PhysiciansA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1131-1150. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12777

This systematic review assesses how burnout among practicing physicians has been defined in the published medical literature and estimates its prevalence by definitions, assessment methods, and study quality.

Preliminary Communication

Discriminative Accuracy of [18F]flortaucipir Positron Emission Tomography for Alzheimer Disease vs Other Neurodegenerative Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1151-1162. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12917

This diagnostic accuracy study characterizes the ability of [18F]flortaucipir to discriminate Alzheimer from non-Alzheimer neurodegenerative disorders among patients at dementia clinics and research centers.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality in AdultsUS Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1163-1171. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13022

This 2018 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians offer or refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions (B recommendation).

Evidence Report

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality in AdultsUpdated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1172-1191. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7777

This systematic review to support the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions to prevent obesity-related morbidity and mortality summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral and pharmacotherapy weight loss and weight loss maintenance interventions in adults.

JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

On Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1192-1193. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13316

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods explains the basic concepts underlying convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a type of machine learning being used to automate the reading of medical images.

Research Letter

Association Between Maintaining Certification in General Surgery and Loss-of-License Actions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1195-1196. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9550

This study uses American Board of Surgery data to assess the association between maintainence of certification in general surgery and loss-of-license actions after expiration of the initial 10-year certification among general surgeons.

Scholarship Support for Veterans Enrolling in MD, JD, and MBA Programs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1197-1198. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10260

This study compares Veterans Administration (VA) scholarship support for veterans enrolling in degree-granting medical schools vs law or business programs at the same institutions.

Medical News & Perspectives

A Day in the LifeCaring for Transgender Patients in New York City

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1092-1093. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11218

This Medical News article profiles Joshua D. Safer, MD, who leads Mount Sinai’s Center for Transgender Medicine and Surgery.

Are Bacteria Transplants the Future of Eczema Therapy?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1094-1095. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12334

This Medical News article discusses early clinical trials of beneficial bacteria therapy for eczema, or atopic dermatitis.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Generic Form of EpiPen Approved

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1098. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13297

Vaginal Ring Contraceptive Remains Effective for 1 Year

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1098. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13299

Brain Stimulation Approved for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1098. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13301
The JAMA Forum

Enabling School Success to Improve Community Health

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1096. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12567
Global Health

Armadillos Bring Risk of Leprosy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1097. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12741

Early Initiation of Breastfeeding

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1097. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13372

Cardiovascular Disease in India

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1097. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13373
Comment & Response

Premedication for Neonates Requiring Nonemergency Intubation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1199. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10014

Premedication for Neonates Requiring Nonemergency Intubation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1199-1200. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10025

Safety of Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors for Hailey-Hailey Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1200. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9554

Safety of Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors for Hailey-Hailey Disease—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1200-1201. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9558

Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1201. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10007

Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1202. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10021
Correction

Incorrect Expansion of a Term and Other Clarifications

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1202. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9637
Poetry and Medicine

Spring Downsizing

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1203. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5762
JAMA Revisited

Proprietaries, Pianos and Probity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(11):1204. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12578
JAMA Patient Page

Behavioral Interventions for Weight Loss

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1210. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13125

This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on behavioral interventions for weight loss to prevent obesity-related problems in adults.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(11):1087-1088. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12549
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