This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of an intensive nurse home visiting program on a composite outcome of preterm birth, low birth weight, small for gestational age, or perinatal mortality among Medicaid-eligible, nulliparous pregnant individuals at less than 28 weeks’ gestation in South Carolina.
This clinical trial compares the efficacy of nitric oxide applied into the cardiopulmonary bypass oxygenator vs standard care on ventilator-free days in children younger than 2 years undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease.
This cross-sectional study examines the change in prevalence of peanut allergy after the introduction of guidelines recommending early peanut introduction for all infants, in both the general population and in predetermined subgroups of high-risk infants, in Australia.
This study compares neurodevelopment at 5 years of age in children who were extremely preterm infants and who underwent early systematic echocardiographic screening for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) vs those who did not undergo screening.
This modeling study estimates the excess deaths attributable to COVID-19 disease in Massachusetts during the Delta (June to December 2021) and Omicron (December 2021 to February 2022) waves.
This Viewpoint examines the ramifications of the US Supreme Court overturning Roe v Wade, including limitations on abortion access, legal consequences, financial consequences, and the erosion of personal rights particularly for marginalized and underserved populations.
This Viewpoint discusses the potential ramifications for assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization, if the Supreme Court overturns Roe v Wade.
This Viewpoint discusses how relying almost exclusively on health care systems to address overall health in the US is problematic, noting that safety net programs and other social policies can serve as powerful population-level interventions that can affect long-standing health disparities.
In this narrative medicine essay, a palliative care physician contemplates how including life circumstances—social isolation or systemic racism—on death certificates as contributing factors to death is one way of informing policy decisions.
This Review summarizes the pathophysiology and diagnosis for sickle cell disease (SCD), management for SCD and its related complications, and prognosis for patients with SCD.
This JAMA Insights Clinical Update discusses the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema, which is likely underestimated and underreported.
This Medical News article discusses a new report from the World Health Organization that calls for a transformation of global mental health care focused on human rights and community-based prevention and care.
This Medical News feature highlights some of the research presented recently at the Digestive Disease Week meeting.
This JAMA Patient Page describes dry eye disease and its risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and recommended lifestyle modifications.