[Skip to Content]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
Purchase Options:
[Skip to Content Landing]
Other Articles
June 2, 1962

THE CHEMICAL REVOLUTIONIST

JAMA. 1962;180(9):778-779. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050220070012
Abstract

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) began the chemical revolution contemporarily with the American Revolution and was himself finished by the French revolutionists on the guillotine five years after Bastille Day. The events that were associated with our Independence seem much closer in history than the rejection of the phlogiston theory and the replacement by Lavoisier of the scientific basis of specific chemical elements of combustion and the interchange of gases in the lungs. Lavoisier was born in Paris and studied at the Collège Mazarin where he gained a prize for rhetoric in general competition. His literary ambitions were complemented by interests in law, mathematics, botany, geology, chemistry, anatomy, and meteorology. Studies in anatomy and chemistry led him into speculation on respiration later in life, while an interest in meteorology was pursued intermittently until his death.

At the age of 25, Lavoisier entered the Ferme, a band of financiers who, for a

References
1.
McKie, D.:  Antoine Lavoisier: Father of Modern Chemistry , Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1936.
2.
Conant, J. B.:  On Understanding Science , New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1947.
3.
Lavoisier, A.:  Essays on the Effects Produced by Various Processes on Atmospheric Air , trans. T. Henry, Warrington, England: W. Eyres, 1783.
4.
 Selected Readings in the History of Physiology , ed. J. F. Fulton, Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1930.
×