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Article
December 29, 1962

PIERRE-CHARLES-ALEXANDRE LOUIS (1787-1872)

JAMA. 1962;182(13):1330-1331. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050520028011
Abstract

P.C. A. Louis (angle of Louis—the angle be. tween the manubrium and the body of the sternum), successor to Laennec as the leading clinician in Paris in the early 19th century, disseminated the beneficence of French medicine beyond the provincial borders and particularly to the medical centers of the eastern seaboard of the United States. Louis was born in Aï on the Marne, the son of a vineyard keeper. He began the study of law as an apprentice but this profession was not to his liking, and he abandoned it in favor of medicine. He studied first at Rheims and completed the preparation for medicine in Paris. He graduated at the age of 27 in 1813, six years before Laennec described the stethoscope in auscultatory examination of the chest. Louis returned to Aï, undecided on the locale for the practice of medicine. A friend, on a visit to the family

References
1.
Louis, P. C. A.: " Memoir on the Proper Method of Examining a Patient and of Arriving at Facts of a General Nature ," H. I. Bowditch, trans., in  Medical and Surgical Monographs , Philadelphia: A. Waldie, 1838, pp 149-187.
2.
Louis, P. C. A.:  Researches on Phthisis , 2nd ed, London: Sydenham Society, 1844.
3.
Louis, P. C. A.:  Anatomical, Pathological and Therapeutic Researches on the Yellow Fever of Gibraltar of 1828 , G. C. Shattuck, Jr., trans., Boston: Little and Brown, 1839.
4.
Louis, P. C. A.:  Anatomical, Pathological and Therapeutic Researches upon the Disease Known under the Name of Gastro-Enterite, Putrid, Adynamic, Ataxic or Typhoid Fever, etc. , vol 1, H. I. Bowditch, trans., Boston: Isaac R. Butts, 1836.
5.
Louis, P. C. A.:  Researches on the Effects of Bloodletting in Some Inflammatory Diseases, and on the Influence of Tartarized Antimony and Vesication in Pneumonitis , C. G. Putnam, trans., Boston: Hilliard, Gray & Company, 1836.
6.
Osler, W.:  Influence of Louis on American Medicine ,  Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 8:161-167 ( (Aug) -Sept) 1897.
7.
Middleton, W. S.:  Biographic History of Physical Diagnosis ,  Ann Med Hist 6:426-451, 1924.
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