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P.C. A. Louis (angle of Louis—the angle be. tween the manubrium and the body of the sternum), successor to Laennec as the leading clinician in Paris in the early 19th century, disseminated the beneficence of French medicine beyond the provincial borders and particularly to the medical centers of the eastern seaboard of the United States. Louis was born in Aï on the Marne, the son of a vineyard keeper. He began the study of law as an apprentice but this profession was not to his liking, and he abandoned it in favor of medicine. He studied first at Rheims and completed the preparation for medicine in Paris. He graduated at the age of 27 in 1813, six years before Laennec described the stethoscope in auscultatory examination of the chest. Louis returned to Aï, undecided on the locale for the practice of medicine. A friend, on a visit to the family
PIERRE-CHARLES-ALEXANDRE LOUIS (1787-1872). JAMA. 1962;182(13):1330–1331. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050520028011
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