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1 figure, 2 tables omitted
Well into the third decade of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
epidemic, rates of HIV infection remain high, especially among minority populations.
Of newly diagnosed HIV infections in the United States during 2003, CDC estimated
that approximately 63% were among men who were infected through sexual contact
with other men, 50% were among blacks, 32% were among whites, and 16% were
among Hispanics.1 Studies of HIV infection
among young men who have sex with men (MSM) in the mid to late 1990s revealed
high rates of HIV prevalence, incidence, and unrecognized infection, particularly
among young black MSM.2-4 To
reassess those findings and previous HIV testing behaviors among MSM, CDC
analyzed data from five of 17 cities participating in the National HIV Behavioral
Surveillance (NHBS) system. This report summarizes preliminary findings from
the HIV-testing component of NHBS, which indicated that, of MSM surveyed,
25% were infected with HIV, and 48% of those infected were unaware of their
infection. To decrease HIV transmission, MSM should be encouraged to receive
an HIV test at least annually, and prevention programs should improve means
of reaching persons unaware of their HIV status, especially those in populations
disproportionately at risk.
HIV Prevalence, Unrecognized Infection, and HIV Testing Among Men Who
Have Sex With Men—Five U.S. Cities, June 2004–April 2005. JAMA. 2005;294(6):674–676. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.294.6.674
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