Physicians with current and valid licenses in
the United States, Canada, or Mexico who read any 3 of the selected
continuing medical education (CME) articles in this issue of
JAMA, complete the CME Evaluation Form, and
fax it to the number or mail it to the address at the bottom of the CME
Evaluation Form are eligible for category 1 CME credit. There is no
The American Medical Association (AMA) is accredited by the
Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to sponsor CME
for physicians. The AMA designates this educational activity for up to
1 hour of category 1 CME credit per JAMA issue toward the AMA
Physician's Recognition Award (PRA). Each physician should claim for
credit only those hours that were actually spent in this educational
Physicians with current and valid licenses in the United
States, Mexico, or Canada are eligible for CME credit even if they live
or practice in other countries. Physicians licensed in other countries
are also welcome to participate in this CME activity. However, the PRA
is available only to physicians licensed in the United States, Canada,
To earn credit, read 3 of the articles listed below that
are designated for CME credit carefully and complete the CME Evaluation
Form. The CME Evaluation Form must be submitted within
1 month of the issue date. A certificate awarding 1 hour of category 1
CME credit will be faxed or mailed to you; it is then your
responsibility to maintain a record of credit received.
One of our goals is to assess continually the educational
needs of our readers so we may enhance the educational effectiveness of
JAMA. To achieve this goal, we need your help. You must
complete the CME Evaluation Form to receive credit.
JAMA is a general medical journal. Its mission and
educational purpose is to promote the science and art of medicine and
the betterment of the public health. A flexible curriculum of article
topics is developed annually by THE JOURNAL's
editorial board and is then supplemented throughout the year with
information gained from readers, authors, reviewers, and editors. To
accommodate the diversity of practice types within JAMA's
readership, the Reader's Choice CME activity allows readers, as adult
learners, to determine their own educational needs and to assist the
editors in addressing their needs in future issues.
Readers of JAMA should be able to attain the
following educational objectives: (1) select and read at least 3
articles in 1 issue to gain new medical information on topics of
particular interest to them as physicians, (2) assess the articles'
value to them as practicing physicians, and (3) think carefully about
how this new information may influence their own practices. The
educational objective for each CME article is given after the
article title below.
The following articles in this issue may be read for CME
Improved Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survival Through the
Inexpensive Optimization of an Existing Defibrillation Program:
OPALS Study Phase IIArticle
Educational Objective: To learn that rapid prehospital
defibrillation improves survival.
Influence of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Prior to
Defibrillation in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Ventricular
Educational Objective: To learn that CPR given before
defibrillation may improve survival.
Distribution of and Factors Associated With Serum Homocysteine
Levels in Children: Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular
Educational Objective: To learn that homocysteine and vitamin
levels may be correlated in children.
Effect of Estrogen on Brain Activation Patterns in Postmenopausal
Women During Working Memory TasksArticle
Educational Objective: To learn that estrogen treatment may
affect memory function in postmenopausal women.
Relationship Between Fasting Plasma Glucose and Glycosylated
Hemoglobin: Potential for False-Positive Diagnoses of Type 2
Diabetes Using New Diagnostic CriteriaArticle
Educational Objective: To learn about clinical implications of
new diagnostic guidelines for diabetes.
An International Study of Patient Compliance With HemodialysisArticle
Educational Objective: To learn that noncompliance with
hemodialysis therapy may be more common in the United States than
in Japan or Sweden.
Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XV. How to Use an
Article About Disease Probability
for Differential DiagnosisArticle
Educational Objective: To understand how to search medical
literature to construct a differential diagnosis.
April 7, 1999. JAMA. 1999;281(13):1239–1240. doi:10.1001/jama.281.13.1239