Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Ogden CL, Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Johnson CL. Prevalence and Trends in Overweight Among US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2000. JAMA. 2002;288(14):1728–1732. doi:10.1001/jama.288.14.1728
Author Affiliations: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Md.
Context The prevalence of overweight among children in the United States increased
between 1976-1980 and 1988-1994, but estimates for the current decade are
Objective To determine the prevalence of overweight in US children using the most
recent national data with measured weights and heights and to examine trends
in overweight prevalence.
Design, Setting, and Participants Survey of 4722 children from birth through 19 years of age with weight
and height measurements obtained in 1999-2000 as part of the National Health
and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a cross-sectional, stratified,
multistage probability sample of the US population.
Main Outcome Measure Prevalence of overweight among US children by sex, age group, and race/ethnicity.
Overweight among those aged 2 through 19 years was defined as at or above
the 95th percentile of the sex-specific body mass index (BMI) for age growth
Results The prevalence of overweight was 15.5% among 12- through 19-year-olds,
15.3% among 6- through 11-year-olds, and 10.4% among 2- through 5-year-olds,
compared with 10.5%, 11.3%, and 7.2%, respectively, in 1988-1994 (NHANES III).
The prevalence of overweight among non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American
adolescents increased more than 10 percentage points between 1988-1994 and
Conclusion The prevalence of overweight among children in the United States is
continuing to increase, especially among Mexican-American and non-Hispanic
Create a personal account or sign in to: