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This Week in JAMA
February 12, 2003

This Week in JAMA

JAMA. 2003;289(6):663. doi:10.1001/jama.289.6.663

Recent evidence suggests that cognitive performance of preterm infants may improve throughout early and middle childhood. Ment and colleaguesArticle conducted serial evaluations of cognitive and verbal skills of very low-birth-weight infants who had participated in a randomized trial of intraventricular hemorrhage prevention. Most of the children had improvement in receptive verbal ability and IQ test scores from 36 through 96 months of corrected age. Children with early-onset intraventricular hemorrhage and subsequent serious central nervous system injury, however, had low receptive verbal ability scores that declined over time. In an editorial, AylwardArticle suggests that future research on outcomes of prematurity should consider both biological and environmental risks and include longer term follow-up and a broader range of functions and practical outcomes.