Medicaid and Medicare at 50 | Health Care Economics, Insurance, Payment | JAMA | JAMA Network
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JAMA Infographic
Visualizing Health Policy
July 28, 2015

Medicaid and Medicare at 50

JAMA. 2015;314(4):328. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8129

Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Medicaid and Medicare programs, this Visualizing Health Policy infographic provides details about the reach and demographics of these programs, as well as the Federal and total US health care spending associated with them. Together, the programs provide health insurance coverage for more than 3 in 10 Americans. Medicaid serves a notable share of children, nursing home residents, and Americans younger than 65 years, while a significant share of Medicare beneficiaries have incomes less than $23 500, have 5 or more chronic conditions, or report a health status that is fair or poor. The programs comprised 23% of federal spending in 2014 and accounted for nearly 40% of the nation’s total health care spending in 2013, but their per capita spending is projected to grow at slower rates than private insurance between 2013 and 2023.

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Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis. Original data and detailed source information are available at