This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, provides information about HIV incidence, mortality, and
prevalence between 1990 and 2013. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study is the largest and most comprehensive effort to date to measure
epidemiological trends worldwide. HIV prevalence increased markedly between 1990 and 2013. Between 1997 and 2013, the number of new HIV infections decreased 2.7%
annually, and HIV-related deaths declined 3.1% annually between 2005 and 2013. Nigeria and South Africa were the countries with the most HIV cases in the world
in 2013. Countries with the fastest rates of decline in HIV mortality included India, Jamaica, and Rwanda. HIV interventions have saved an estimated 19.1 million
years of life between 1990 and 2013. See the related Interactive.
Source: Murray CJL, Ortblad KF, Guinovart C, et al. Global, regional, and national incidence and mortality for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria during 1990-2013: a systematic study for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014;384(9947):1005-1070.
Katherine Leach-Kemon, Dawn Shepard, Kevin O’Rourke, Amelia VanderZanden, . HIV Worldwide 1990-2013. JAMA. 2015;314(15):1552. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12936