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JAMA Infographic
Visualizing Health Metrics
January 19, 2016

When and Why People Die in the United States, 1990-2013

Laura Marczak, PhD; Kevin O’Rourke, MFA; Dawn Shepard, BA; et al for the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
JAMA. 2016;315(3):241. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17599

This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease Studies 2013, provides information on changes in average life expectancy in the United States, World Bank–defined “high-income countries,” and globally from 1990 to 2013. The current (2013) top-10 causes of death for men and women in the United States and the leading risk factors associated with those causes are also presented. Between 1990 and 2013, life expectancy continued to climb for both men and women in the United States; however, the increase was slower relative to high-income countries and globally. In 2013, approximately 20% of deaths for both men and women in the United States were due to ischemic heart disease. The largest contributing risk factor across the leading causes of death in the United States was diet-related and therefore behaviorally modifiable.