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December 6, 2016

Graduate Medical Education, 2015-2016

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Data Acquisition Services, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois
JAMA. 2016;316(21):2291-2310. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13513

The American Medical Association (AMA) and the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) jointly sponsor and administer the National GME Census through GME Track, an internet-based AAMC product, and together they maintain a database of information on training programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and of the residents and fellows in them.

Beginning in May 2015, all directors of ACGME-accredited training programs were asked to complete the program survey component of the Census on GME Track. Information on the educational characteristics of the training programs is added to FREIDA Online, the AMA Residency & Fellowship Database, a public information source on GME programs available to medical students and resident physicians. Beginning in late July 2015, program directors were surveyed about their active, transferred, and graduated residents and fellows for academic year 2015-2016. Program directors were provided with lists of residents and fellows from the current database and were asked to confirm or modify the training status of trainees who were present in their programs the prior year; add new physicians to their program who were not already in our database; and confirm, edit, or add demographic information on all trainees. This demographic information includes sex, birthdate, country of birth, citizenship status, race, and Hispanic ethnicity. Race and Hispanic ethnicity for residents and fellows who had provided such information through various AAMC applications (eg, the Electronic Residency Application Service) was carried forward from those applications and included in the Census.

We surveyed 9957 active programs, of which 9476 (95.2%) completed the program survey and 8744 (87.8%) confirmed the status of all of their active physicians-in-training, accounting for 116 415 (96.5%) of active trainees. An additional 52 programs (0.5%) confirmed some but not all of their trainees (1030 trainees, 0.8%), 252 confirmed that they did not have any trainees (2.5%), 383 programs (3.8%) confirmed the status of nonactive trainees (graduates and transfers) but did not have any currently active trainees, and 526 programs (5.3%) did not confirm the status of any physician training in the program (including 300 programs that apparently did not have any active trainees). A total of 95.4% of all physicians in our database had their status confirmed (active, graduated, transferred, withdrawn). Physicians whose status was not confirmed were “advanced” into the next year of training (n = 3153 [2.6% of active residents]) or “graduated” based on expected graduation date (n = 1324 [3.2% of graduated residents and fellows]). In total, we estimate that there were 120 598 active residents in ACGME-accredited programs during the 2015-2016 academic year. The following tables contain data from these surveys.

Open the PDF file to view the tables for Graduate Medical Education, 2015-2016

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Sarah E. Brotherton, PhD, Department of Data Acquisition Services, American Medical Association, 330 N Wabash, Ste 39300, Chicago, IL 60611 (

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.

Funding/Support: This research was funded solely by the American Medical Association, which employs Dr Brotherton and Ms Etzel.