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Nearly 1 in 5 adolescents and about 1 in 4 young adults have prediabetes, according to a study by CDC scientists published in JAMA Pediatrics.
The analysis used 2005-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from adolescents or young adults who were not pregnant and who did not have diabetes. It found that 18% of adolescents and 24% of young adults met criteria for prediabetes. Those criteria were impaired fasting glucose levels between 100 mg/dL and less than 126 mg/dL, impaired glucose tolerance with 2-hour plasma glucose of 140 mg/dL to less than 200 mg/dL, or hemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7% and 6.4%. More males had prediabetes than females—22.5% vs 13.4% in adolescents and 29.1% vs 18.8% in young adults. Obesity was associated with a greater risk of prediabetes, with 25.7% of adolescents and 36.9% of young adults who were obese meeting criteria for prediabetes compared with about 16% of their normal-weight peers in both groups.
Kuehn B. Prediabetes in Youth. JAMA. 2020;323(4):302. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21122
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