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April 17, 1967

A Computer-Based Physical Examination System

Author Affiliations

From the departments of medicine and computer sciences (Dr. Slack), gynecology and obstetrics (Dr. Peckham and Mr. Carr), and radiology (Mr. Van Cura), University of Wisconsin, Madison.

JAMA. 1967;200(3):224-228. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120160090013

The physical examination as it is usually recorded in the medical chart is incomplete, nonstandardized, and difficult to read. Retrieval of the information for patient care and clinical research is difficult and often impossible.

Physical examination check-off sheets have been widely employed, but these generally screen for abnormal findings which, when present, are described in the traditionally incomplete, nonstandardized, and (when hand recorded) illegible manner. Dictation of physical findings eliminates only the problem of legibility and introduces a new source of error—the clerical.

There is a need for improved methods of recording the findings of physical examinations to permit the adequate utilization of these data in both patient management and clinical research. Electronic data processing methods for storage and retrieval of physical examination data have been employed, but generally with the hospital chart as the data source and the punch card as the storage and computer input medium. Because of

Clark, W.A., and Molnar, C.E.:  The LINC: A Description of the Laboratory Instrument Computer ,  Ann NY Acad Sci 115: 653-668 ( (July 31) ) 1964.
 Proceedings of Final LINC Evaluation Program Meeting , Computer Research Laboratory. St. Louis: Washington University. (March) 1964.
Slack, W.V., et al:  A Computer-Based Medical History System ,  New Eng J Med 274:194-198 ( (Jan 27) ) 1966.Crossref
Hicks, G.P., et al:  Routine Use of a Small Digital Computer in the Clinical Laboratory ,  JAMA 196:973-978 ( (June 13) ) 1966.Crossref