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October 13, 1962

Air Pollution and Morbidity in New York City

Author Affiliations

New York City
Professor and Chairman (Dr. Greenburg), Meteorologist and Research Fellow (Mr. Field), and Instructor of Biometry (Mr. Reed), Department of Preventive and Environmental Medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University.; Director of the Bureau of Records and Statistics, New York City Department of Health (Mr. Erhardt).; Dr. Greenburg is a former Commissioner of Air Pollution Control.

JAMA. 1962;182(2):161-164. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050410057012

The relationship of air pollution to health was studied during a period in the month of November, 1953, when air pollution in New York City reached high levels. An analysis of clinic visits was employed as an index of morbidity at 4 major city hospitals. It disclosed an increase in clinic visits for upper respiratory infections and cardiac illnesses. The increase proved to be statistically significant at 3 of the 4 hospitals for "upper respiratory" visits and 2 of the 4 hospitals for "cardiac," visits. No increase was noted in the number of visits to the asthma clinic. The evidence indicates that morbidity during this air pollution incident was significantly increased.

Greenburg, L., et al.:  Report of Air Pollution Incident in New York City, November 1953 ,  Public Health Rep 77:7-16 ( (Jan.) ) 1962.Crossref
Schrenk, H. H., et al.:  Air Pollution in Donora , Pa.: Epidemiology of Unusual Smog Episode of (October) 1948, Public Health Bulletin No. 306, Federal Security Agency, Washington, D.C., 1949.
Zeidberg, L. D.; Prindle, R. A.; and Landau, E.:  Nashville Air Pollution Study ,  Amer Rev Resp Dis 84:489-503 ( (Oct.) ) 1961.