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October 20, 1962

They Took to the Waters; the Forgotten Mineral Spring Resorts of New Jersey and Nearby Pennsylvania and Delaware

JAMA. 1962;182(3):317. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050420093035

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Since remote antiquity, mineral springs have had their devotees among professional and lay people alike. In the Greek world, temples were erected to Aesculapius in areas renowned for their springs and physical beauty. The Romans carried on the Asklepieion of the Greeks and developed some of their own, notably at Bath in England and at Aix-la-Chapelle in Germany. Charlemagne, in the early portion of the 9th century, held court in the baths at Aix-la-Chappelle. During the 18th century, throughout Europe and America, there was a resurgence of interest in the beneficial effects of mineral springs.

In the United States, from 1750 to 1900, hundreds of these springs developed as health centers. They were believed to be especially beneficial for rheumatism, certain phases of gout, hysteria, epilepsy, and colics. Elaborate and palatial hotels, such as Belmont Hall at Schooley's Mountain, or Forest Springs Hotel at Brown's Mills in New Jersey, were