[Skip to Content]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
Purchase Options:
[Skip to Content Landing]
July 27, 1984

Physiological Profile of National-Class National Collegiate Athletic Association Fencers

Author Affiliations

From the Cardiovascular Fitness and Rehabilitation Program, Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Sinai Hospital of Detroit (Mss Vander and Scherf and Drs Franklin and Wrisley); the Departments of Medicine (Dr Rubenfire) and Physiology (Dr Franklin), Wayne State University, Detroit; and the Department of Education, Columbia University, New York (Dr Kogler).

JAMA. 1984;252(4):500-503. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350040030017

Selected physiological characteristics of seven national-class fencers (1983 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I champions) were studied and the results compared with those for normal persons and athletes of similar age. Evaluation included maximal oxygen uptake during arm and leg ergometry, serum lipids, body composition, and standard spirometry. Maximal oxygen uptake during arm work (34.2 mL×kg-1×min-1) was 68% of that observed during leg work (50.2 mL×kg-1×min-1). Mean serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, and high-density—lipoprotein cholesterol levels were 68.5, 187, and 54.5 mg/dL, respectively. Hydrostatically determined percent body fat averaged 12.2%. Results of pulmonary function studies were normal. The aerobic capacity of National Collegiate Athletic Association fencers is only slightly higher than active men of comparable age, and substantially lower than world-class endurance athletes. These data suggest that success in fencing may depend more on technique, speed, and agility as opposed to a high aerobic capacity and low percent body fatness.

(JAMA 1984;252:500-503)

Kemper HCG, Binkhorst RA, Verschuur R, et al:  Reliability of the ergo-analyzer .  J Cardiovasc Pulmon Tech 1976;4:27-30.
Franklin BA, Vander L Wrisley D, et al:  Aerobic requirements of arm argometry: Implications for exercise testing and training .  Phys Sportsmed 1983;11:81-90.
Morris JF:  Spirometry in the evaluation of pulmonary function .  West J Med 1976;125:110-118.
Katch F, Michael ED, Horvath SM:  Estimation of body volume by underwater weighing: Description of a simple method .  J Appl Physiol 1967;23:811-813.
Brozek J, Grande F, Anderson JT, et al:  Densitometric analysis of body composition: Revision of some quantitative assumptions .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1963;110:131-140.
Dahlstrom WG, Welsh GS:  An MMPI Handbook . Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1960.
Wilmore JH, Benhke AR:  An anthropometric estimation of body density and lean body weight in young men .  J Appl Physiol 1969; 27:25-31.Crossref
Wilmore JH, Brown CH, Davis JA:  Body physique and composition of the female distance runner .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:764-776.Crossref
Costill DL, Bowers R, Kammer RF:  Skinfold estimates of body fat and marathon runners .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1970;2:93-95.
Pollock ML:  Submaximal and maximal working capacity of elite distance runners: Part I, Cardiorespiratory aspects .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:310-322.Crossref
Hanson JS:  Maximal exercise performance in members of the U.S. Nordic ski team .  J Appl Physiol 1973;35:592-595.
Pollock ML, Gettman LR, Jackson A, et al:  Body composition of elite class distance runners .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:361-370.Crossref
Gettman LR, Pollock ML:  What makes a superstar? A physiological profile .  Phys Sportsmed 1977;5:64-68.
Burke ER:  Physiological characteristics of competitive cyclists .  Phys Sportsmed 1980;8:79-84.
Franklin BA, Kaimal KP, Moir TW, et al:  Characteristics of national class race walkers .  Phys Sportsmed 1981;9:101-108.
Holmer I, Lundin A, Eriksson BO:  Maximal oxygen uptake during swimming and running by elite swimmers .  J Appl Physiol 1974; 36:711-714.
Brown SL, Wilkinson JG:  Characteristics of national, divisional, and club male alpine ski racers .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1983;15:491-495.
Hagerman FC, Hagerman GR, Mickelson TC:  Physiological profiles of elite rowers .  Phys Sportsmed 1979;7:74-83.
Knowlton RG, Ackerman KJ, Fitzgerald PI, et al:  Physiological and performance characteristics of United States championship class orienteers .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1980;12:164-169.
Thompson WR, Nequin ND, Lesmes GR, et al:  Physiological and training profiles of ultramarathoners .  Phys Sportsmed 1982;10:61-65.
Lesmes GR, Nequin ND, Garfield DS:  Physiological profiles of two champion ultramarathoners .  Phys Sportsmed 1983;11:69-76.
Vaccaro P, Morris AF, Clarke DH:  Physiological characteristics of masters female distance runners .  Phys Sportsmed 1981;9:105-108.
Pipes TV:  Physiological characteristics of elite body builders .  Phys Sportsmed 1979;7:116-120.
Parr RB, Wilmore JH, Hoover R, et al:  Professional basketball players: Athletic profiles .  Phys Sportsmed 1978;6:77-84.
Spence DW, Disch JG, Fred HL, et al:  Descriptive profiles of highly skilled women volleyball players .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1980; 12:299-302.
Pipes TV:  The racquetball pro: A physiological profile .  Phys Sportsmed 1979;7:91-94.
Coleman AE:  Physiological characteristics of major league baseball players .  Phys Sportsmed 1982;10:51-57.
Sady SP, Thomson WH, Berg K, et al:  Physiological characteristics of high-ability prepubescent wrestlers .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1984; 16:72-76.
Quirk JE, Sinning WE:  Anaerobic and aerobic responses of males and females to rope skipping .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1982;14:26-29.Crossref
Wilmore JH, Parr RB, Haskell WL, et al:  Football pro's strength and CV weaknesses— charted .  Phys Sportsmed 1976;4:44-54.
Maddox D:  For jockeys, small is beautiful—but difficult .  Phys Sportsmed 1976;4:88-94.
Mostardi RA, Porterfield JA, Greenberg B, et al:  Musculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary characteristics of the professional ballet dancer .  Phys Sportsmed 1983;11:53-61.
Raven PB:  Pulmonary function of elite distance runners .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:371-381.Crossref
Martin RP, Haskell WL, Wood PD:  Blood chemistry and lipid profiles of elite distance runners .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:346-360.Crossref
Gordon T, Castelli WP, Hjortland MC, et al:  High density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease: The Framingham Study .  Am J Med 1977;62:707-714.Crossref
Martin RP, Haskell WL, Wood PD:  Blood chemistry profiles of elite distance runner .  Med Sci Sports Exerc 1970;2:93-95.
Wood PD, Haskell WL:  The effects of exercise on plasma high density lipoproteins .  Lipids 1979;14:417-427.Crossref
Morgan WP, Costill DL:  Psychological characteristics of the marathon runner .  J Sports Med Phys Fitness 1972;12:42-46.
Morgan WP, Pollack ML:  Psychological characterization of the elite distance runner .  Ann NY Acad Sci 1977;301:382-403.Crossref