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Article
September 7, 1912

EPIDEMIC POLIOMYELITIS IN NORWAY: ITS ETIOLOGY AND THE POSSIBILITIES OF ITS PREVENTION

Author Affiliations

Professor of Pathology In the University of Christiania CHRISTIANIA, NORWAY

JAMA. 1912;LIX(10):782-785. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270090026008
Abstract

I. HISTORY  Acute poliomyelitis has been recognized in Norway as a distinct disease ever since 1820. Cases were exhibited in the Medical Society of Christiania in 1842 and in 1853. In 1863, discussing the case from 1853, Voss pointed out that, judging from the resulting paralysis, the disease must have its seat in the spinal cord or in the anterior nerve-roots.The first epidemic of acute poliomyelitis broke out in 1868 in Dr. A. Christian Bull's district and was reported by him to the medical board of the state. This epidemic lasted from June to August. Fourteen persons were stricken, of whom twelve were children, with five deaths. The symptoms were so characteristic that any doubt of the nature of the disease can be excluded. Bull also reported two abortive cases—those of two children who were attacked by brief fever and indistinct paresis. The possibility of a contagious virus

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