This open-label randomized trial compares the effects of preventive negative pressure wound therapy vs standard wound dressing on surgical site infection among obese women after cesarean delivery.
This study uses US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to characterize changes in blood pressure control among adults with hypertension between 1999-2000 and 2017-2018 overall and by age, race, insurance type, and health care access.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of multilevel airway surgery (combined palatal and tongue surgery) vs ongoing medical management on apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) measures and daytime sleepiness symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) whose condition did not respond to CPAP treatment.
This study uses NHANES data to assess trends in obesity and severe obesity stratified by race and Hispanic origin among US residents from 1999 to 2018.
This case-control study estimates the risk of contracting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among pregnant women making antenatal visits to 4 Boston, Massachusetts, area hospitals during April-June 2020 vs uninfected controls matched on gestational age.
This study describes the US geographic distribution of patient cohorts used to train deep learning algorithms in published radiology, ophthalmology, dermatology, pathology, gastroenterology, and cardiology machine learning articles published in 2015-2019.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Cardiology editors review the journal's more inportant articles advancing the scientific understanding of COVID-19 and the heart in the first 6 months of the pandemic, including evidence of direct myocardial injury and indirect effects of the pandemic on outcomes for patients with CVD postponing care for fear of contracting the virus.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Dermatology editors review the skin findings seen in association with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), how best to respond to those manifestations, and ways the pandemic has affected the practice of dermatology, including reassignment of specialists to COVID-19 care and the transition to teledermatology.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Internal Medicine editors offer a broad review of the clinical science emerging from the first 6 months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, including epidemiology of the infection, evidence that has influenced clinical care, and a discussion of workforce and supply chain issues and health inequities affecting patients and essential workers.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA’s nephrology associate editor and colleagues review how COVID-19 has affected the practice of nephrology, including the rise in incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with more severe disease, shortages of supplies and staff to care for AKI patients, effects on kidney transplantation, and implementation of telehealth.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Neurology editors review the journal’s more important articles advancing scientific understanding of COVID-19 in the first 6 months of the pandemic, including surveys of neurologic manifestations of the infection and identification of potential direct viral involvement in the central nervous system.
This Viewpoint summarizes the clinical characteristics of patients with cancer as associated with increased mortality risk from COVID-19, and it highlights important areas where more research is needed.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Ophthalmology’s editor reviews the known eye manifestations of COVID-19, the potential for ocular transmission of illness, and the effects of the pandemic on ophthalmologic practice and research.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery’s editor in chief reviews how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the practice of otolaryngology–head and neck surgery in its first 6 months, including through a shift away from procedural management of head and neck disease toward medical and noninvasive management to mitigate risk of infection transmission, and through the acute rise in incidence of patients with olfactory dysunction requiring consultation and follow-up.
In this Viewpoint, the editor of JAMA Pediatrics summarizes the effect on children of the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, reviewing evidence for why they seem not to become ill or as sick as adults and discussing the pandemic’s likely long-term effects on child development and psychological health.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Network’s psychiatry editors review how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the practice of psychiatry in its first 6 months, for example, through disruptions of care provided in group settings, provision of telehealth, and widespread anxiety and health care worker burnout and depression.
In this Viewpoint JAMA Surgery’s editor reviews how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the practice of general surgery in its first 6 months, including the need for universal precautions to mitigate the risks of infection transmission, the cessation and resumption of elective procedures, and adverse effects on educational experiences of students aspiring to the specialty.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Network Open editors review the journal's more important articles advancing scientific understanding of COVID-19 in the first 6 months of the pandemic, and discuss the importance of a global open access journal to meeting the public health challenge.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Health Forum’s editor reviews important policy issues that characterized the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, including personal protective equipment (PPE) shortages, health inequities among vulnerable populations, requests from patients for medical exemptions from face mask requirements, and the benefits and risks of school reopenings.
In this narrative medicine essay, a hospitalist charts his emotional journey from March comparing the elation in seeing the once brightly colored signs that declared hospital workers as heroes with the now faded signs reflecting how the protracted intense work makes COVID-19 feel mundane.
This JAMA Insights Clinical Update reviews clinical indicators of intimate partner violence (IPV) and ways that clinicians can ask about and begin to assist individuals who experienced IPV in phased, sensitive approaches that do not encourage patients to act before they are ready or compromise their autonomy or safety.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American College of Gastroenterology’s 2019 guideline on ulcerative colitis in adults.
A 44-year-old White man had symptoms and radiographic signs of diffuse osteoarthritis, negative inflammatory markers and HLA-B27, and a brother with osteoarthritis, hypogonadism, and type 2 diabetes. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
This Medical News article discusses the leading vaccine candidates against the novel coronavirus.
This Appendix presents data from the 2019-2020 Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) annual questionnaire detailing information on the number of students, student demographics, curriculum content, and enrollment at US medical schools.
This Appendix presents 2019 National GME Census data detailing the numbers and types of ACGME-accredited training programs and the residents and fellows in them.
This JAMA Patient Page explains what high blood pressure is, why it is important to control, the difference between the top (systolic) and bottom (diastolic) numbers, and how it is best treated and prevented.
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