To assess whether targeted cardiac shock wave pretreatment with subsequent application of bone marrow–derived mononuclear cells (BMCs) improves recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with chronic heart failure, Assmus and coauthors randomly assigned 103 patients to receive shock wave or placebo shock wave pretreatment followed by application of BMCs or placebo.
In a retrospective analysis of surgical discharges from 12 US hospitals, Eappen and coauthors examined hospital costs, revenues, and contribution margin for patients with and without surgical complications according to payer type. In an Editorial, Reinhardt discusses the ramifications of surgical complications for hospital finances.
Titomanlio and colleagues investigate the possible association between infantile colic and childhood migraines in a case-control study of 799 children and adolescents at 3 European hospitals between April and June 2012.
Teo and coauthors report on the prevalence of healthy lifestyle behaviors among individuals with cardiovascular disease in high-, middle- and low-income countries in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study.